James I of Scotland held captive in London for 18 years.
As Winter set in, Henry IV became very ill.
Henry IV, who had been on the throne for 14 years, died at the age of 46 in the Jerusalem Chamber, The Chapter House of Westminster Abbey, while on a visit there on 20th March. He was laid to rest in Canterbury Cathedral the only English monarch to be buried there. He was succeeded by his 25 year old son, Henry V (Plantagenet, House of Lancaster), who was crowned King of England on 9th April at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex.
England, led by Henry V, defeated the French forces at the Battle of Agincourt and captured Harfleur. Later Henry captured Normandy and advanced as far as Paris.
Northern France in English hands.
Henry V died from dysentery on the Bois de Vincenne on 31st August at the age of 33. He had been on the throne for nine years and was later buried in Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. His only heir was his 9 month old son, Henry VI, who in name was both King of England and of France, as his grandfather, King Charles VI of France, died two months earlier.
John Bayntun was born in December 1407 at Faulston House, in the County of Wiltshire. He was most likely known as John de Benton or Baynton, however we see the spelling of the surname changing to Bayntun around the beginning of the 17th century.
He married his first cousin, once removed, Joan Dudley, who was the daughter of Sir Richard Dudley and his wife Elizabeth de Beauchamp and the granddaughter of Sir John de la Roche and his wife Wilhelma de la Mare.
When Sir John de la Roche, died on the 30th September 1400, his property was divided between his co-heiresses (his daughters), but some of these manors were held in dower by his widow until her death on the 31st October 1410. In her will, executed in 1411, a great deal of de la Roche and de la Mare property was conveyed to her grandson, John Bayntun. Wilhelma was the heiress of her father, Robert de la Mare, and a lot of this land was also settled on her grandson.
Because John was just 4 years old at the time, an agreement was drawn up, with Wilhelma giving control of the manors to her eldest daughter, Elizabeth and her husband, Sir Walter de Beauchamp, until such time as John Bayntun became of age.
is the wording of this Indenture, dated 1411:
Wilhelma's last Will and Testament named her son-in-law, Sir Walter de Beauchamp, as overseer of the administration of her estate, probate being allowed in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on the 21st November 1410.
Sir Walter was married to Elizabeth de la Roche, the sister of John's mother, Joan de la Roche and he and his wife were therefore entrusted with the wardship of lands specifically bequeathed to Wilhelma's grandson, John, for which custody he undertook to pay annually into the Royal Escheator the sum of 80 Marks until John Bayntun reached the age of 21.
But by December 1428 John had become of age and was in possession of the following manors:
MANOR OF LAVINGTON
MANOR OF CHERINGTON
MANOR OF SHAW
MANOR OF LOWER HEYFORD
MANOR OF TOLLARD LUCY
MANOR OF HAUN
MANOR OF MARSH BALDON
MANOR OF DELAMERES OR LAMBERDES
ESTATE AND FARM
MANOR OF PRESTON
MANOR OF TARRANT GUNDEVILLE
MANOR OF FAULSTON
Sir John Bayntun was Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1429-30 and again in 1443-44. He was knighted in 1434 and until his death, was a member of a long series of offices in the county, as well as being a Member of Parliament for Wiltshire County in 1445 and 1446. The office of High Sheriff is of great antiquity, dating back to Saxon times. It is the oldest secular office in England and Wales, after the Crown.
It is not clear in what year Sir John Bayntun died but a collection of deeds transcribed in the 17th century, show him living at Faulston on the 14th July, 25 Henry VI (1447) as a Distributor of an Allowance on a Tax in Wiltshire.
There is no record of the burial place of Sir John, but it is thought he and his family before him, may have been buried in a square field, known as Chapel Close, which might have been either the site of a Chapel or a field attached to the Chapel which was next to Faulston House. There are no visible signs of any graves today, unless buried beneath the ground.
When Sir John Bayntun died he was succeeded by his son and heir John Bayntun