Bayntun was born in 1572 at Bromham
House in the county of Wiltshire and was 21 years old
when his father, Sir Edward Bayntun, died and he subsequently inherited
the Manor of Bromham.
The spelling of the surname changed from 'Baynton' to 'Bayntun' some
time after his death, as seen on his son's memorial in the Bayntun
Chapel in the Church of St. Nicholas at Bromham. However during his
life he was known as Henry Baynton and this is evident in his will
and other manoral documents. It is not known why the surname changed,
but as in previous generations listed in this website, we refer to
them all as Bayntun to avoid confusion.
was M.P. for Devizes Borough in 1585 and 1592 and again in 1603, M.P.
For Wiltshire County in 1597 and High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1600.
On 14th September 1601 he was awarded the title Knight Bachelor.
was a man of conscience and he exercised great influence around Bromham,
Stanley, Chippenham and Bremhill, where he had another substantial
Court Book of the Bayntuns for various manors, including Bromham,
for the years 1565 to 1612 is in the British Museum.
30 Elizabeth I (1589), Henry Bayntun and Roger Gifford, doctor, were
elected by Anthony Parry and John Moggriche, the younger, free tenants
of Old Castle or Old Sarum.
livery was granted to Henry after the death of his father, Sir Edward
Bayntun in 1593.
Bayntun was married to Lucy Danvers, the daughter of Sir John Danvers,
of Danby Castle, Dauntsey, Wiltshire and sister of Henry Danvers,
the Earl of Danby. Sir John acquired, through marriage to Elizabeth
Neville, the castle, but died just one year after his daughter's marriage
in December 1594, leaving behind him great possessions.
came from a large family of three brothers and six sisters and she
and Henry had three children. Their first born, Edward, was baptised
at Bremhill on the 5th September 1593, Charles was also christened
at Bremhill on the 19th January 1595 but died the following year,
aged just 13 months and Elizabeth, their only daughter was born in
1595, Henry sold an estate in Berwick Bassett, which was the origin
of Berwick Farm, to Thomas Hutchins. The estate was acquired by his
grandfather, Sir Edward Bayntun at the time of the Dissolution in
1541, along with the Manor of Temple Rockley.
1606 Sir Henry and his servants appeared in the Star Chamber accused
of taking deer and timber, removing boundaries and illegally enclosing
a park in Pewsham and Blackmore Forests. They were prosecuted for
family owned many manors, including that of Bremhill, Wiltshire. A
survey of the Bromham and Bremhill manors, taken for Sir Henry and
dated 1611, shows a large manor house at Bremhill. At times the family
chose to live there and some of the children were baptised at St.
Church, Bremhill, Wiltshire.
A survey taken
in 1612, listed a large tenantry on manors owned by Sir Henry.
Wiltshire property alone brought in more than £2,000 p.a. in
rents and Henry's
income after succeeding to the estate was reckoned to be double that
to letters patent, on the 26th March 1616, King James granted Sir
Henry a reversion of the entailed manors of Bromham, Clench (near
Wyke) in Wiltshire and parcel of the lands, the property of Battle
Abbey, Sussex to be held in chief in perpetuity, consideration
£200, 'good causes' and an annual rent of £3 - 2s and
one-twentieth knight's fee.
was an important weaving centre, but the weavers suffered severely
during depressions in the cloth trade. In 1612 Sir Henry built six
little cottages in the village of Bromham for the poor people of the
town, probably intended for impoverished weavers.
Sir Henry and his wife loved horses and details from their respective
wills indicate they left some of these animals to their good friends
as a gesture of their love and friendship.
Bayntun died on the 24th September 1616. A stone set in the aisle
floor (under the table) in the Bayntun Chapel, in the Church
of St. Nicholas, Bromham is the only memorial to
him. This was taken from the Almshouses
prior to their demolition in 1964.
his will (see below), dated the 30th July 1616, Sir Henry left
considerable sums of money to the parish churches of Bromham, Bremhill,
Steeple Eton and Rowde, towards their reparation and maintenance.
As well as his commitment to the Almshouses in Bromham, he also left
money to the Church Wardens and Overseers of the poor in the parishes
of Bromham, Bremhill, Rowde and Bishops Canning.
also left a sum of £30 to each of the towns of Chippenham, Calne
and Devizes on the condition that £10 from each total would
go towards the poor of each respective town and the remaining £20
to be set up as loans. His wish was that such money be lent out yearly
to poor artificers (skilled workers or craftsmen) and tradesmen and
no loan to be less than £6 13s 4d.
was no mention whatsoever of his wife, Lucy, in his will but he named
his only son and heir, Sir Edward Bayntun as his Executor, and bequeathed
to him, his estate. His only daughter, Elizabeth, received £500
from her father and all the manors, lands and tenements Sir Henry
had recently purchased from Sir William Throckmorton and Sir Thomas
Tracey. He outlined in his will that if her brother wanted such lands,
and was prepared to pay her the sum of £3,000 within one year,
they could be his.
desire was to be buried with his family and ancestors in the Parish
Church of St. Nicholas, Bromham and as a token of his love for his
friends, Sir Henry Poole of Oaksey, Sir John Earnley, Sir Roger Owen
and Henry Bayliffe of Monkton, he gave each one of his best horses
His will reads
the name of God the Father the Son and the Holy Ghost Amen. I Henry
Baynton of Bromham in the County of Wilts, Knight, diseased in my
body but of good and perfect memory and understanding for which I
give thanks unto Almighty God, do upon consideration of my mortality
make and ordain my last Will and Testament by this present writing
in manner and form following. That is to say first I commend my soul
into the hands of my most merciful redeemer Jesus Christ who by his
suffering hath made satisfaction for all my sins and by whose mediation
alone I hope to find mercy in the hand of my most merciful father
even for the merit of his dearly beloved son Jesus Christ in whom
he is well pleased and my body I commit unto the earth to be buried
in the Parish Church of Bromham aforesaid amongst such ancestors and
kindred who have been buried before me, believing that this my earthly
tabernacle shall be dissolved, yet but in the last days shall rise
again and that my soul and body shall be reunited and shall reign
merciful happening with the blessed company of Gods elect. Concerning
my worthy estate in premise I give and bequeath towards the reparation
and maintenance of the Parish Church of Bromham aforesaid the sum
of Five Pounds to be paid to the church wardens of the said parish
within one year after my death. I give and bequeath towards the reparation
and maintenance of the Parish Church of Bremhill in the county aforesaid
the sum of Forty Shillings to be paid to the church wardens of the
said parish of Bremhill within one year after my death. I give and
bequeath to Mr. Richard, parson of the Parish Church of Bromham aforesaid
the sum of Ten Pounds. I give and bequeath to Mr. Webb, preacher and
minister of the word of God in the Parish of Steeple Eton the sum
of Five Pounds. I give and bequeath to Mr. Collier, vicar of the Parish
Church of Bremhill aforesaid the sum of Forty Shillings. I give and
bequeath to Mr. Tyse of the Parish Church of Rowde in the county aforesaid
the sum of Forty Shillings. I give to the poor people of the parish
of Bromham in the county aforesaid the sum of Five Pounds to be paid
to the church wardens and overseers of the poor of the same parish
within one year of my death and to be distributed by them amongst
the poor the same year. I give and bequeath to the church wardens
and overseers of the poor of the said parish of Bremhill in the county
aforesaid the sum of Forty Shillings to be paid to the church wardens
and overseers of the poor of the parish of Bremhill within one year
of my death and to be distributed by them amongst the poor of the
said parish. I give and bequeath to the poor people of the parish
of Rowde in the county aforesaid the sum of Forty Shillings and to
the poor people of the parish of Bishops Canning the same sum of Forty
Shillings, the same sum to be paid respectively to the church wardens
and overseers of the poor of the said parish of Rowde and Bishops
Canning within one year of my death and to be distributed by them
respectfully among the poor of each of the said parishes. I give and
bequeath to the town of Devizes in the county aforesaid the sum of
Thirty Pounds and the town of Chippenham in the county aforesaid the
like sum of Thirty Pounds and to the town of Calne in the county aforesaid
the like sum of Thirty Pounds the same sum of Thirty Pounds to be
paid to the Mayors, Bailiffs or other choice officers of the said
towns respectfully to be paid within one year of my death. My meaning
is that Ten Pounds out of each of the said sums of Thirty Pounds shall
be to the use of the poor people of the parish of Devizes, Chippenham
and Calne aforesaid respectively and that the same overall sums of
Ten Pounds shall either remain in stock to raise some yearly commodity
towards the relief of the poor of each of the said parishes respectfully,
who shall in their description determine to be most convenient, and
my further meaning is that Twenty Pounds out of each of the said sums
of Thirty Pounds shall remain in stock for ever to be lent out yearly
upon good security to poor artificers (skilled workers or craftsmen)
and tradesmen of each of the said towns respectfully, wherein my meaning
is that no less shall be lent to any one person than Six Pounds Thirteen
Shillings and Four Pence. I give and bequeath to my cousin Richard
Baynton the sum of Five Pounds. I give and bequeath to my kinswoman______________Evans
the sum of Five Pounds. I give and bequeath to her sister Mary the
sum of Forty Shillings. I give and bequeath to my servant Robert Seager
and to Robert Chener the sum of Five Pounds apiece. I give and bequeath
to every of my other household servants dwelling in Bromham House
or Bremhill House being my two ordinary dwelling houses such and the
like sum of money as a whole years wages of every such servant respectively.
I give and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Baynton and to her heirs
and assignees for ever all my manors, lands, tenements and hereditaments
with the appurtenances whatsoever which I lately purchased of Sir
William Throckmorton knight and Baronet and of Sir Thomas Tracy knight
and my will and meaning is that if my son Sir Edward Baynton shall
pay unto my said daughter Elizabeth or to her assignees the sum of
Three Thousand Pounds of good and lawful money of England within one
year after my death then this present debt and bequest concerning
my said manors and lands, tenements and hereditaments shall be made
and to no effect and that then upon such payment my said son Sir Edward
Baynton shall have the said manors, lands, tenements and hereditaments
with their appurtenances to himself, his heirs and assignees for ever.
I give and bequeath to my good friend Ralph Wilbraham of Lincolns
Inn in the county of Middlesex one of my best horses or gelding to
be chosen and delivered to him by my executor. I give and bequeath
to my said daughter Elizabeth Baynton, over and above my former bequeath
unto her, the sum of Five Hundred Pounds. My will is that all and
above my legacies given and bequeathed by this my last Will and Testament
shall be paid within one year after my death and of this my last Will
and Testament. I make and appoint my said son, Sir Edward Baynton
to be my so ever and only executor to whom my debts and legacies being
paid and my funeral expenses discharged. I give and bequeath to him
the sum of all my goods and chattels as well as personal of that nature
or quality saver they be and I do request my well beloved friends
Sir Henry Poole of Oaksey in the said county of Wilts knight; Sir
John Earnley knight; Sir Roger Owen knight and Henry Bayliffe of Monkton
in the said county of Wilts esquire to be the overseers of this my
last Will and Testament desiring them to be supporting to my said
executor by their best advice and counsel concerning the one performance
of this my last Will and Testament and to each of them from a remembrance
of my love I give and bequeath one of my best sort of horses or gelding
to be chosen and delivered to either of them respectfully by my said
executor and I do further hereby revoke all forms of wills and testaments
whatsoever which in my time I have made in writing whereof I have
hereunto put my hand and soul the thirtieth day of July in the year
of the reign of our Sovereign Lord James by the grace of God of England,
France and Ireland, King, defender of the faith for the fourteenth
and of Scotland the fifteenth Anno Domini 1616. Signed: Henry Baynton.
Memo: That the said Sir Henry Baynton did publish this to be his last
Will and Testament, the day and year above written in the presence
of Henry Bayliffe, Robert Seager, Robert Chener and Anthony Neate.
wife Lucy survived him and died in the parish of St. Martin, in the
Fields, in 1621 at Northumberland House, near Charing Cross, London.
She was brought to Westminster Abbey, London on the same day. At the
time of its foundation, the Church of St. Martin was "in
the Fields" (the countryside) with very few buildings around
it, and the name has stuck to this day. It is the City of Westminster,
opposite Trafalgar Square.
The burial register at the Abbey indicate she was buried there on
the 14th June 1621 at the entrance to St. John The Baptist Chapel
(off the north ambulatory). Her grave is not marked (which is not
unusual as many burials of the nobility were not even accorded stones
or the family did not pay for a monument). Obviously she was of the
right status to be allowed Abbey burial.
to this she lived at Bremhill House as she lists many of her possessions
in her will, being in her chamber room at this house. It is most likely
after her husband died, her son moved into Bromham House and she remained
at Bremhill House.
will (see below), dated 23rd November 1620, appointed her
brother Sir. John Danvers and her cousin Sir. Charles Danvers
as her Executors and wrote of her wish to be buried in the Abbey Church
was no mention of her son, Sir Edward Bayntun, in her will, but she
refers to her daughter as Elizabeth Dutton, to whom she left a ring
to the value of £100. Elizabeth was married to John Dutton from
left her best gown and satin waistcoat to Lady Magdalen Danvers, the
wife of her brother with the remaining of her wardrobe to be divided
between her two servants Mary
Nichols and Susan Thompson.
Her cousin, Charles
Danvers, received all the furniture she possessed, including bedding,
cushions, chairs, tables and wall hangings from her chamber room at
her house in Bremhill. This chamber, she wrote, was commonly called
the "best chamber" near the dining room in the house.
It is not known how long she remained at Bremhill House before her
death at Northumberland
House in London.
Her will reads:
the name of God Amen: The three and twentieth day of November in the
year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord James by the Grace of God,
King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland. I Lucy Baynton of Bremhill
in the county of Wilts widow, being sick in body but of good memory,
I thank God and do make this my Last Will and Testament in manner
and form following. I commend my soul into the hands of God, trusting
to be saved by the merits of Jesus Christ my Blessed Lord and Saviour
and my body to be buried in the Abbey Church at Westminster and concerning
such goods and chattels such it hath pleased God to lend me during
my life, I do hereby declare my will and meaning to be that they shall
be disposed as hereinafter in their presents mentioned. That is to
say I do give, will and bequeath to my loving daughter Elizabeth Dutton
wife of John Dutton esquire, one ring of the value of One Hundred
Pounds to be used by my said daughter during her life and after to
remain to her daughter Elizabeth Dutton as a remembrance of my love
to her. I give and bequeath to my brother Sir John Danvers knight
one ring of the value of Forty Pounds and to the Lady Magdalen Danvers,
his wife, one piece of plate to the value of Ten Pounds and my ash
colour wrought velvet gown and my ash colour satin waistcoat and personal
belonging to the same. I give and bequeath to my cousin Charles Danvers
all the bedding, chairs, stools, tables, cushions, hangings and furniture
whatsoever commonly used in the chamber commonly called the best chamber
in the said house, near adjoining to the dining chamber therein. I
will and bequeath to my servants Mary Nichols and Susan Thompson all
my wearing apparel, except such apparel as I have before given to
the said Lady Magdalen to be equally divided between them by my Executors
or such as they shall appoint. I give and bequeath more unto the said
Susan Thompson Five Pounds in money and to my servants Joan Evans
and Anne Saunders Five Pounds apiece, to Lionel Woodward my black
mare, to John Long Ten Pounds, to my servant ___________ Five Pounds
on condition that he shall serve the rest of his years of apprenticeship
with my son and daughter Dutton if they will receive him. I give and
bequeath onto Elizabeth Sutton Ten Pounds. I will and bequeath that
my Executors shall bestow Fifty Pounds in land or rent to be conveyed
by them and their heirs to the inhabitants of Foxham in the parish
of Bremhill upon trust that they shall pay yearly at the Feast of
the Annunciation of Our Lady the Virgin Mary and the Feast of Saint
Michael the Archangel three pounds by equal portions to the maintenance
of a minister that shall say devine service in the Chapel of Foxham.
All the rest of my goods, chattels, plates, jewels, money, bonds and
household stuff whatsoever I give and bequeath unto my Executors towards
the payment of my debts and performance of my legacies and such charges
and expenses as they shall be, at in our about, or concerning their
execution of this my last will. I do will and bequeath that all my
said legacies shall be paid and delivered within five months after
my decease and I do make my said brother Sir. John Danvers and my
cousin Sir. Charles Danvers my lawful Executors of this my said will
and do desire them to see the same truly performed according to my
meaning. In witness hereunto I have subscribed my name, the day and
year above written. Lucy Baynton.
Signed and published by the said Lucy Baynton as her Last Will in
the presence of William Langston, Lionel Woodwarde and Henry Pepper.
Her desire for
the upkeep of the church at Foxham was evident also in her will when
she appointed her Executors to bestow Fifty Pounds in land or rent
to be conveyed by them and their heirs to the inhabitants of Foxham
in the parish of Bremhill upon trust that they would pay yearly, at
the Feast of the Annunciation of Our Lady the Virgin Mary and the
Feast of Saint Michael the Archangel, Three Pounds by equal portions
to the maintenance of a Minister that shall say devine service in
the Chapel of Foxham.
Foxham was one
of six hamlets in the parish of Bremhill and as the parish church
was at so inconvenient a distance there being a long, intervening
hill a private chapel was built and endowed conjointly by the
Bayntun and Hungerford families, for the sake of having a nearer place
of worship for their families. This was endowed in the reign of James
I, as appears by the date of a Deed of Agreement between Sir. George
Hungerford, Sir Edward Bayntun, Lady Lucy Bayntun and Mr. Robert Essington
of Bremhill, one of the feoffees of the above mentioned indenture.
It appears that certain lands were assigned to Essington on condition
that he should pay Four Pounds per annum for the maintenance of a
This chapel is
no longer standing, having made way for a newer church. The chapel
was a cause of dispute, for over 200 years, between the Vicar of Bremhill
on one hand and the Hungerford family and the people of Foxham on
the other. The cause of dispute was the responsibility for the upkeep
of the building and the provision of a Minister. The result of the
quarrel was that the chapel fell into such disrepair that it had to
be pulled down, and for many years prior to its removal, no service
was held there.
of Hanger in the parish of Bremhill, Co. Wilts, in his will dated
January 1618, mentions an agreement he had with the Lady Lucy Baynton,
Lady of the Manor of Bremhill that the names of his son Thomas Stratton
and his daughter Phrizwith Stratton shall be in his copy of the reversion
of the living at Foxham.
Henry Bayntun's memorial stone reads:
I was hungry and yee gave mee meate,
I was thirstie and yee gave mee drinke,
I was naked and yee clothed mee,
I was harbarles and yee gave mee lodginge.
Come yee blessed of my Father,
Inherit the Kingdom prepared for you.
Mat 25 Anno Chri 1612 et anno.
Henry Bayntun died in 1616 and was succeeded by his eldest son and
heir Edward Bayntun