Lady Jane Grey married Lord Guildford Dudley on 21st May and King Edward named her as his heir. Edward was forced to sign a document prepared by the Duke of Northumberland, altering the succession to the throne of England. Edward VI was a frail child and eventually died of tuberculosis three months short of his 16th birthday on 6th July at Greenwich Palace, London. He was later buried in Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. His reign only lasted six years. Lady Jane Grey was declared Queen, even though she was only fifth-in-line of succession to the throne, aged just 17 years at the time. She was proclaimed Queen of England on 10th July, but only ruled for nine days until she was forced to relinquish her claim to the throne after her Catholic cousin, later Queen Mary I, claimed the throne a few days into Jane's reign. On 29th July, Jane was imprisoned in the Tower of London and Mary named as her successor. Mary Tudors coronation was at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex, on 1st October at the age of 37. Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was committed to the Tower of London, charged with high treason for declaring Mary I illegitimate and supporting the attempt to place the Protestant Lady Jane Grey on the throne.
Princess Elizabeth was imprisoned in the Tower of London in January for two months while she was questioned about her knowledge of plots against her half-sister Mary I. Lady Jane Grey and her husband, Lord Guildford were executed at the Tower of London on 12th February on Marys orders a death sentence for a title she never wanted! She was buried in The Chapel Royal of St. Peter and Vincula in the Tower of London. Queen Mary married Philip II, a Catholic from Spain, causing a huge outcry in England. The wedding took place in the Chapel of St. John the Evangelist in the Tower of London. She was nicknamed Bloody Mary because she burned 300 Protestants at the stake.
England at war with France.
Five years after her Coronation, Queen Mary died at St. James Palace, London on 17th November and was buried at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. Her half-sister, Elizabeth I succeeded her and entered London in triumph. Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
Elizabeth I was crowned Queen of England on 15th January at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex.
By this time the country was tired of war; the churches were converted and the greater majority of its people had gotten used to the new services.
England was at war with Scotland. At the Treaty of Edinburgh, Mary Queen of Scots recognises Elizabeth as the rightful Queen of England.
The husband of Mary Queen of Scots died and she returned to Scotland but Elizabeth refuses Mary safe passage.
Queen Elizabeth falls ill with smallpox.
Mary Queen of Scots imprisoned (for 18 years) in England on 24th April.
Edward Bayntun was born in 1517 at Bromham Hall, in the county of Wiltshire the second son of Sir Edward Bayntun, who was Vice-Chamberlain to five of Henry VIII's queens. He is named in many medieval documents as Sir Edward Baynton, however the family changed the spelling of their surname to Bayntun sometime around the beginning of the 17th century.
When his father died in 1544, Edward's older brother, Andrew, inherited the Manor of Bromham and continued to reside at Bromham House however, at this time, it had been greatly enlarged by his father.
As laid out in his father's will, Edward Bayntun inherited The Ivy a very large house at the centre of the old Manor of Rowden in the parish of Chippenham and he continued to live there for 20 years. The Manor of Rowden was Crown property from Saxon times until the reign of Henry VIII, when it was purchased by his father shortly before he died. The Bayntun's had been renting the property previously for some years.
He resided at Rowden until his brother, Andrew, died without a male heir in 1564. He then inherited, at the age of 46, the Manor of Bromham and subsequently moved into Bromham House.
The Court Book for the Manor of Bromham, for the period 1545 to 1557 is in the Wiltshire Records Office.
He married Agnes
Ryce some time after 1548 and they had 13 children. She was the daughter
of Lady Catherine Howard whose father Thomas, was the 2nd Duke
of Norfolk and Sir Griffith AP Rhys K.B., Of Carew Castle,
Pembrokeshire in South Wales. Lady Catherine was an aunt of two of
Henry VIII's wives Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard.
Agnes Ryce claimed that a legal marriage took place at Stourton Chapel on the 6th January 1545 between she and William Stourton, the 7th Baron Stourton of Stourton, by whom she had a daughter, Mary. In the preceding years 1541 to 1545, Stourton had made large purchases of lands in Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire at an estimated cost of £4,500.
The Baron was previously married to Elizabeth Dudley of Atherington, Sussex and had nine children by her, but when he died on the 8th September 1548 he left nothing to his wife or his younger sons, and little to his eldest, whom none the less he named his executor. The greater part of his goods and household stuff he bequeathed to his mistress Agnes Ryce.
In the years 1553-1555, Agnes Ryce and her new husband, Edward Bayntun were embroiled in lawsuits over land. They had a case heard in the Court of Chancery against Charles Stourton the 8th Baron Stourton, son of the above mentioned William for part of the manors of Kilmington, Norton, Stourton, Brook, Wanstrow and Yarnfield and lands there (except in Stourton) and Gasper in Stourton (Geyspore), Penselwood (Penne), Wincanton, Marston Bigott, Charlton Musgrave and Beckington and the hundred of North Ferris (North Stourton), all settled on the said Agnes by William Stourton in his will.
However, after several legal actions, Stourton's will was quashed by the Probate Act of 1548 and Agnes Ryce's claim for a legal marriage was rejected as Stourton's wife was living at the time and administration of his father's goods was granted to Charles, the new Baron Stourton. However Charlton Musgrave was in the hands of Edward Bayntun and his wife by 1561.
Also in 1561, Sir Edward Baynton conveyed the Manor of Godswell and the Manor of Heywood to Thomas Long.
William Bayntun the only living son, at the time, of Edward and Agnes was murdered by witchcraft as an infant by Agnes Mills of Stanley, Co. Wiltshire in 1564. In the Chancery proceedings which followed, she said she did the same murder by the procurement and enticement of Dorothy, the wife of Henry Bayntun (Edward's brother out of his father's second marriage) who was hoping that if Sir Edward failed to produce another male heir, the subsequent fortune of his estates would go to her husband, presuming Edward would die before him. Afterwards Agnes Mills was hanged for the same murder at Fisherton, Co. Wiltshire. See The Murder of William Bayntun.
On the 3rd of July 8 Elizabeth 1 (1566), Letters of Administration were granted to Edward Bayntun of Rowden, the brother of Andrew Bayntun deceased. A further deed dated 13th June, and executed in July of the same year, acknowledges Edward Bayntun, his wife Agnes and their heirs with the possessions or inheritance of Sir Andrew Bayntun. The deed referred to the Manors of Bremhill, Stanley, Bromham Battle and Clench.
Some months later, a Counterpart of Bargain and Sale, dated the 21st August 8 Elizabeth 1 (1566) by Henry Sharyngton of Lacock to Edward Bayntun of Rowden and Agnes his wife, of all his land, within the park called "Spye Park", which were parcel of the Manor of Lacock to them, and the heirs of Edward Bayntun. It was on this land that his grandson built Spye Park House after the destruction of Bromham House during the civil war in 1645.
Another deed, dated the 31st March, 12 Elizabeth 1 (1570) shows the administration of the Manor of Bromham and the Manor of Clench in the name of Edward Bayntun of Rowden, in consideration of certain sums of money and other good causes and considerations, him especially moving, assigning the property previously leased to his father by the Abbot of Battle, namely Battle Abbey to Thomas Ivye of West Kingston.
In 1571 Edward Bayntun sold his family's share of Whitleigh the ancient property of the Mauduit, Molines and Hungerford families.
Sir Edward became a vital member of the county administration. He was knighted in 1574 and was a Member of Parliament for Wiltshire County in 1562-1563 and again in 1570; M.P. for Devizes in 1571; M.P. For Calne in 1572 and M.P. For Chippenham Borough in 1588-1589 and High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1570.
When his first wife died on 19th August 1574 Edward remarried Anne Packington and in the same year he was awarded the honour of Knight Bachelor of Wiltshire.
In 1575 he sold part of the Manor of Rowden, including "The Ivy House" to Edward Hungerford, but he retained the part that gave manoral rights of which the Bayntun family were still Lords of the Manor of Rowden well into the 19th century with a farm fee recorded in 1868.
In 1577 Faulston House and the Manor of Faulston was sold to Thomas Vaughan of Bredwardine, Co. Hereford and a year later his second wife Ann Packington died in 1578.
In a letter, dated the 27th July 1588, Sir Henry Knevett, one of the Deputy Lieutenants for ordering the county musters of Wiltshire and Captain appointed to attend on the Lord Chamberlain, mentions Sir Edward Bayntun as one of the Justices and throws great light on the actual preparation to resist the Armada and the arming of the Wiltshire contingent.
He was one of the county's most active Justice of the Peace, attending quarterly sessions very regularly in the 1570's, 1580's and even sending in material until a few months before his death in 1593.
His large ancient
marble tomb at the south east angle of the Beauchamp Chapel, in the
Church of St. Nicholas,
Bromham, is very interesting and includes brass figures (pictured
below) showing a knight kneeling and his two wives and two of
his three children that were alive at the time of their father's death.
The tomb-crest with shields in lozenges and Gothic cresting is supported
by two columns with brasses against the back wall.
Above and behind his tomb is the south east window, which incorporates medieval stained glass. There are many family armorials in this window such as Roche, de la Mare, Tocotes and also Griffith AP Ryce, representing the marriage of his daughter, Agnes, to Sir Edward.
When Sir Edward Bayntun died he was succeeded by his eldest living son and heir Sir Henry Bayntun