Timeline

1399:

After a reign of 22 years, Richard II was deposed and imprisoned in the Tower of London and on 13th October, Henry IV was crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. He was 32 years of age at the time.

1400:
Richard II was taken from the Tower of London and imprisoned at Pontefract Castle, Yorkshire. The cause of his death is unknown but it is likely he was starved to death and eventually died on 14th February. He was later buried at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex.


1400 - 1410:
Welsh rebel against English rule.



The marriage of Nicholas Bayntun to Joan de la Roche would have a huge bearing upon the wealth of the Bayntun family in the next 100 years

Married:
JOAN de la ROCHE

The daughter and co-heiress of Sir John de la Roche of Bromham, Wiltshire and Wilhelma de la Mare of Fisherton, Delamere, Wiltshire.

This marriage took place at
Steeple Lavington around 1401.

Children:
JOHN BAYNTUN
(Son and heir 1407 - after 1447)
AGNES – (Living in 1422)
ALICE –
(Living in 1422)
ELLEN –
(Living in 1422)
ISABEL –
(Living in 1422)


Bayntun coat of arms


de la Roche coat of arms

Nicholas Bayntun was born in 1382 at Faulston House, in the County of Wiltshire. Deeds relating to him show his name listed as Nicholas Benton and in other documents as Beynton, however we see the spelling of the surname changing to Bayntun by the beginning of the 17th century.

Records show he was Lord of the Manor of Fallerston (Faulston) and also of part of the Manor of Compton Chamberlayne in the next valley to the North, the Nadder. Deeds dated 12 Henry IV (1411 - Wilhelma de la Mare's will) and 9 Henry V (1422 - his own will), show Nicholas de Benton in possession of lands at Compton Chamberlayne.

His marriage to Joan de la Roche (his second cousin), was by contract, and took place sometime around 1401. This marriage had an important effect upon the subsequent fortunes of the Bayntun family. Joan was the daughter of Sir John de la Roche and his wife, Wilhelma de la Mare – a very important and wealthy family from Bromham, Wiltshire.

We learn from the Calendar of Patent Rolls, that Joan and Nicholas had four daughters – Agnes, Alice, Eleanor and Isabel and one son, John, who became his father's heir.

After the death of Joan's father, Sir John de la Roche, in 1400, his property had been divided among his co-heiresses. Joan's sister, Elizabeth, received the Manor of Bromham Roche, which would eventually be inherited by the Bayntun family in 1508.

The Manor of Whaddon was owned by Sir John de la Roche and was also passed onto Elizabeth and her sister, Joan, at the time of their father's death, but eventually it fell entirely to Elizabeth. This Manor, like the Manor of Bromham, was later passed onto the Bayntun family after the death of Lord St. Amand in 1508.

The Manor of Horton and the Manor of Chittoe were others inherited by Nicholas Bayntun as laid out in the terms of Wilhelma de la Mare's will. Wilhelma was the wife of Sir John de la Roche and died on the 31st October 1410. At this time the Royal Escheator in Wiltshire was ordered to assign to her daughter, Elizabeth and her husband, Walter de Beauchamp, rent of 13s - 4d issuing from lands in Chittoe whereof Geoffrey Driffelde was tenant for life. Nicholas Bayntun and his wife Joan, the other de la Roche heiress, gave assent to this.

Apart from lands bequeathed to Elizabeth and Walter, they also received the wardship of other lands which Wilhelma left to her four-year-old grandson, John Bayntun, the son of the above mentioned Nicholas and Joan.

A deed dated 14 Henry IV (1413) witnessed by Oliver Cervington, Henry Gilbert, Thomas Meriel and Thomas Martin also referred to Nicholas Benton as Lord of the Manor of Fallerston.

Nicholas Bayntun, of Bishopstone, in the county of Wilts., gentleman, was mentioned in the Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry V – 1416-1422, for not appearing before the Justices of the Bench to answer a plea that he render £4 to William Algar, Clerk, and William Lord, executors of the will of Richard Spencer, late citizen of Salisbury and Edith, the wife of Richard Spencer. This was issued on the 15th October 1417, at Westminster.

Nicholas Bayntun died in February 1422 and his wife Joan is said to have survived him and was re-married in 1429 to William Whaplode M.P., of Chalfont St. Peter, Co. Buckinghamshire. At the time of her marriage she conveyed the Manor of Faulston to her son, John, and he in turn, is said to have conveyed the Manor of Week to his mother for life.

The Calendar of Patent Rolls, Henry V - 1416-1422, dated the 19th February 1422, at Westminster, mentions Robert Forster, Robert Pokeswelle, John Whytehorn and John Gilberd, having lately acquired to themselves and their heirs from Nicholas Beynton, now deceased, the Manor of Compton Chamberlayn, in the county of Wilts, held of the King in chief, and entered thereon and afterwards granted it to Joan, the wife of the said Nicholas, for life with successive remainders to John Beynton, his son and heir, and the heirs of the body of the latter, Agnes Beynton, Alice Beynton, Eleanor Beynton and Isabel Beynton, the daughters of Nicholas and Joan, and the heirs of their bodies, and the right heirs of Nicholas and Joan entered thereon, without licence; the King for £10 paid in the hanaper, pardons the treaspasses in this.

There is no record of the burial place of Nicholas Bayntun, but it is thought he and his family before him, may have been buried in a square field, known as Chapel Close, which might have been either the site of a chapel or a field attached to the chapel which was next to Faulston House. There are no visible signs of any graves today, unless buried beneath the ground.

When Nicholas Bayntun died he was succeeded by his eldest son and heir John Bayntun


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