Timeline


1837:

William IV died of pneumonia at Windsor Castle on 20th June, leaving no legitimate children. He had served as King of England for seven years and was succeeded by his 18 year old niece, Victoria, who was crowned Queen of England on 28th June at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. She was the daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent.

1838:
Queen Victoria opened Hampton Court Palace to the public.


1854 - 1856:
British soldiers were involved in the Crimean War, together with France and Turkey against Russian expansion. The costs of this war were terrible and thousands were massacred at the Battle of Balaclava. Those who survived either starved or froze to death while others died from cholera.




John Bayntun Starky squandered away, in six years, an enormous estate that took centuries to accumulate

Married:
FRANCES ANNE
HUNT GRUBBE

The eldest daughter of the Rev. James Hunt Grubbe, of Kensington, London.
This marriage took place at Berrynarbor Anglican Church, Devon, on the 14th July 1857.
Children:
GEORGE BAYNTUN STARKY
Son and heir 1858-1926)
ELEANOR (1859-1946)
WALTER (1861-1947) • BEAUCHAMP (1863-1912)
MILDRED (1865-1947) • FRANCIS (1867-1947) • BEATRICE (1869-1954)

John Bayntun Starky was born on 30th May 1834, at Spye Park House, in the county of Wiltshire. He was the last Lord of the Manor of Bromham to live at Spye Park and own land at Bromham.

His mother, Charlotte, took him to school for the first time in 1841. He was a clever child and very sensible at a young age and he would have been spoiled had he stayed at home. He was only 9 years old when his father, John Edward Andrew Bayntun Starky, died in 1843 and he inherited the Bayntun estates without any debts or mortgages, which was at the time, worth approximately one-third of a million pounds.

In his younger days, his interest in the farm was very evident and he loved to check out the animals upon returning home for his school holidays each year.His grandmother described him as a most entertaining little boy. Later accounts say he was intelligent and friendly, generous to a degree, but had no money sense at all. He was educated at Eton College, where he is reported to have come into the hands of money lenders and was never able to properly get out of debt.

He was a landowner and farmer of 457 acres and employed 26 men and 7 boys at his Spye Park estate.

John married Frances Anne Hunt Grubbe, the eldest daughter of the Rev. James Hunt Grubbe of Kensington, London. This marriage took place at Berrynarbor Anglican Church, Devon, on the 14th July 1857. They were both 23 years of age and went on to have seven children.

An Indenture was drawn up a few days prior to this wedding, on the 11th of July 1857, between John Bayntun Starky and Frances Ann Hunt Grubbe, in consideration of their marriage which followed. This Indenture ensured that their heirs, if any, would be entitled to certain trust funds, which they had invested on certain mortgages in the name of Frances Anne, who was named trustee of this settlement.

It made allowance also for an annuity which was to be paid to Frances Anne, should she survive her husband, and a further annuity to her husband's mother – Charlotte Starky – for her lifetime. A follow-up to this Indenture of Settlement was made some months after their marriage on the 18th day of November 1857. It was endorsed upon a previous Indenture of Mortgage for £13,000 made between the above parties dated the 31st day of December 1856.




George (11) and Francis (2) in 1869



Francis aged 18 in 1885




Mildred (8), Eleanor (14), Beatrice (4) in 1873



Beauchamp (6) and Walter (7) in1868

The above family photos are the property of the Dalwood Restoration Association and I am grateful to Hugh Wyndham for permission to use the images in these pages.

Their first child, George, was born on the 4th April 1858; a daughter, Eleanor, was born on the 7th November 1859; followed by another son, Walter on the 18th March 1861 and a year later, on the 14th March 1863, a third son was born, called Beauchamp (the last of the Bayntun Starky family to be born at Spye Park).

John Bayntun Starky's interest turned to horses as his uncle was a successful owner and breeder of racehorses. He always carried a large hunting whip with a big lash and rode a black horse that looked like a packhorse with saddle-bags containing his wardrobe.

He was one of the most unfortunate of those who had to do with racing, but was the origin of all the trouble he brought upon himself. He was markedly unostentatious in his mode of living and had no apparent means of spending £1,000 a year, yet in the course of 6 years he got rid of a fortune of £300,000.

People blamed racing for his downfall, but he was never a heavy loser. He raced but a few years with a stud that might have been purchased and kept for about £20,000 and yet it is estimated that his winnings could well have been more than £25,000 which would have covered his expenses. His losses came from swindling money-lenders, giving deeds of his estate as security and friends who stole from him.

Fisherman (pictured left) was John's best horse. This steed captured the public's imagination and won every racing event except the Derby, but won the Ascot Gold Cup in 1858 and 1859 and the Whip at Newmarket. In 4 years the horse won 70 races – 67 of those consecutively, but his trainer, Mr. T. Parr, kept the winnings which saved John from making out long bills.

 

Eventually his debts snowballed to about £50,000 and for this his creditors foreclosed on him and all his estates were sold. The Crown Commissioners acquired most of the Bayntun Starky lands in lieu of debts on 19th December 1862. These lands are still the property of the Crown today. The rest, the mansion house at Spye Park, six farms, 50 houses and large tracts of land were sold by the creditors of John Bayntun Starky on the 3rd August 1864 to John Spicer.

John Bayntun Starky received no money from this sale however and Battle House too became the property of the Spicer family and from that date forward, his mother, Charlotte Wyndham became a tenant of John Spicer, but continued to reside at Battle House until her death. His grandmother, Maria Barbara Bayntun Starky, the heiress to the Bayntun fortune, was also alive at this time. There were jointures payable to his mother and grandmother and other elderly relatives out of his estate.

His ancestors would have turned in their graves as he squandered away, in six short years, an enormous estate that took centuries to accumulate.

His stud was sold by Tattersals at Spye Park in 1863 and the rest of his estate. Derry Hill and Bromham portions were sold for £175,000 to Lord Landsdowne and Mr Goldney in 1864. The Spye Park Estate was bought for £100,000 by Major J.W.G. Spicer, an army officer whose investment in a Brewery had made him his fortune. Stanley Abbey, which had been in the family since the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1536 was also sold at this time to Sir Gabriel Goldney.

John (pictured left), on horseback, outside the stables at Spye Park in his last days before the sale of his mansion.

 

The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) had previously offered £300,000 for his estates but John Bayntun Starky had refused it and the Royal Family bought Sandringham instead.

The family were forced to move after the sale of Spye Park and according to the birth certificate of their next born daughter, Mildred, on the 5th April 1865, they were living at Freeland, Oxfordshire. Their last two children were born at "Longworth", Faringdon, Berkshire – Francis on the 25th May 1867 and Beatrice on the 7th March 1869.

In 1870, accompanied by two horses, including the famous Fisherman, John emigrated to Australia where they became the ancestors of many racehorses. A year later his wife and the younger children joined him – apart from George and Walter who were both at boarding school in England.

John Bayntun Starky died at "Beaufort House", Newcastle, NSW Australia on the 30th September 1872 and was buried on the 3rd October in Grave No. 906 (pictured left), Whittington Anglican Cemetery, Army Camp Road, Singleton, New South Wales. He died from heart valve disease at 38 years of age. After his death, his mother, Charlotte wrote to Frances-Ann and asked if she and the children would come back to England to live with her at Battle House. At the time Charlotte and her mother-in-law, Maria Barbara, were tenants of Major Spicer at Battle House. Frances Anne however did return to England but never lived at Battle House but resided at several addresses, including Freeland, Oxfordshire, Buckland, Berks, Fawley, Hants and Instow.

 

When her children grew up they settled all parts of the world including U.S.A., Canada, Australia, New Zealand and India. Frances Anne lived to a ripe old age and was a determined traveller and visited her grown-up children many times.

Walter, her second son, was also passionately fond of horses and kept a stable in Devon, usually for thoroughbred horses. He liked to buy and break-in his own horses.



Eleanor Glyn (nee Starky)
as a young woman


Mildred Windham (nee Starky)
pictured around the same time


Walter Starky
as a young man

The above photos were from the private album of Kate Forbes and were kindly donated by Bob Starky.

By a deed enrolled in Chancery, dated 12 November 1887, Frances Anne, the wife of John Bayntun Starky (deceased), conveyed upon trust to the vicar and churchwardens of Rowde a piece of land in the parish, upon which had been built a Reading-Room, Coffee Tavern, and a cottage. The deed stated that the land had formerly belonged to Andrew Bayntun Starky, sometime Vicar of Rowde, who had devised it to the vicarage of Rowde. (He was most likely the son of John Edward Andrew Bayntun Starky and his wife Charlotte). This legacy was void and the land descended to John Bayntun Starky, who left it to his wife, Frances. She then had permitted Charlotte Starky, the mother of her late husband, to build the Reading Room, Tavern and cottage for parish use. The conveyance of 1887 made it a condition of the charity that no political meetings should be held on the premises. These buildings were later known as the Lecture Hall or the Institute.

Frances toured the world on two occasions from 1905 to 1906 and again from 25th May 1912 to 5th April 1913 to visit her children and their families. At this stage her eldest son, George, was living at "Spye", Omihi, near Amberley in New Zealand and in November 1912 she stayed there which brought four generations of the Bayntun Starky family together (see family photo on next page). She wrote many interesting letters on her trips.

Pictured (left) at her son's residence in Omihi, New Zealand in 1912.

 

Frances-Anne Bayntun Starky died on the 29th March 1921, aged 86 and was buried at Instow on the North Devon coast. She had been living with her daughter, Beatrice, at the time in a rented house, after her husband died.


The children of John and Frances Bayntun Starky pictured in their later years. Left to right: George, Eleanor, Walter, Mildred, Francis and Beatrice. Beauchamp had died in 1911.

Remarkably, nearly all of the family reached the age of 80 years or more – Eleanor (87), Beatrice (85), Walter (86), Mildred (81) and Francis (80). George was 67 when he died and Beauchamp lived to be 49 years of age.


 

The east window (pictured left) in the Beauchamp Chapel at St. Nicholas Church, Bromham
was provided by Hughes, London, with stained glass in 1875 in memory of John Bayntun Starky.

A brass beneath reads:
To God's glory and in memory of John Bayntun Starky.
He died September 30th 1872, aged 38 and was buried
at Singleton, New South Wales.

 

Plaques honouring both John Bayntun Starky (above left) and his wife Frances Anne Hunt Grubbe (above right) in the Beauchamp Chapel read:
John Bayntun Starky. Died 30th September, 1878, aged 30 and was buried at Singleton, New South Wales
.
(His memorial stone displays the date of his death incorrectly – it should read 1872, according to his death certificate..

Frances Anne, wife of John Bayntun Starky. Died 29th March 1921, aged 86. Buried at Instow, Devon.

Frances Anne Starky's signature

 

When John Bayntun Starky died he was succeeded by his eldest son George Bayntun Starky


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