Timeline

1272:

Henry III died at the age of 65, on 16th November at the Palace of Westminster after being on the throne for 56 years and was buried at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex. He was succeeded by his son Edward I “Longshanks” who was 33 years old at the time.

1274:
Edward I was crowned King of England on 19th August at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex.

1275:
Edward I created the first English Parliament after English knights and townsmen joined the barons and bishops in a new council.

1297-1304:
England and Scotland were at war. Iron casting from moulds led to more artillery on the battlefields. Gunpowder became popular and more effective compared to rocks fired from the catapult and slingshot.

In 1262, Henry Bayntun and his wife Joan, gave land at Bradenstoke and Tockenham to the Augustinian Priory

Married:
JOAN SINTON
The daughter of Sir Hammond Sinton

 

Bradenstoke acquired the Manor of Tockenham between 1232 and 1265 by grant of Thomas de Tockenham, its Lord. The Priory was founded in 1142 and although the Royal Charters of 1207 and 1232 confirmed no property here, the Priory had built a mill in Tockenham, to the detriment of a certain free tenant, between 1189 and 1194.

The Priory of Bradenstoke, dedicated to The Virgin Mary, and was the House of the Augustinian Canons, was situated in the parish of Lyneham, near the village of Bradenstoke-cum-Clack. It stood on one of the highest ranges of land overlooking the Avon Valley, which commanded a fine view over an extensive tract of country into Somersetshire and North Wiltshire. It was also known as Clack Abbey, being a short distance from the village of Clack, about seven miles from Chippenham and four miles from Wotton Basset.

In 1262, Henry de Bainton (Bayntun) and his wife Joan, gave the Augustinian Priory of Bradenstoke, Wiltshire 31 and a half acres of arable, 1/4 acre of meadow, one messuage, a croft called Benecroft and a common of pasture in Tockenham. The Manor was worth £4 - 6s - 8d in 1291.


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